The origin of the painting dates from the prehistoric paintings of 30,000 years ago. These primitive drawings, mostly of animals, began with the great history of the artistic painting that continues to evolve. The goals of painting have also changed and are as multifaceted as the number of artists themselves. Some of the main objectives of painting are realism, abstraction, portraits and expressiveness.
Realism, the vivid representation of an image on the canvas of the real world or any other medium, dominated painting for a long time. Realism peaked in the Renaissance era and continued with the production of high caliber works during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. These artists aimed to portray the reality of the “outside” world instead of giving their own artistic interpretation. Rembrandt was considered a genius in realistic painting.
As an art in continuous evolution, painters began to work with abstraction as a goal. In abstract painting, the image does not have to be “similar” to what it really is. In extremely abstract works, something may not seem recognizable in the real world. The cubism that arises at the beginning of century XX, is a sort whose objective revolves around the abstraction. Cubism uses forms and objects that are deformed and reorganized to present an image in a unique form.
Portrait is one of the main objectives of painting. For thousands of years, humans have sought to represent their own images in painting. Simply the portrait is the painting of images, sometimes of whole bodies and sometimes of the heads. The portrait has been used throughout the history of art to commemorate the kings, the philosophers and the ordinary people.
Although all art is expressed in a personal way, “expressiveness” refers to a specific goal in which the artist uses “pictorial” techniques to emphasize the creative process and emotional self-projection. This goal even reached the 20th century artistic movement of Expressionism with famous works such as “The Scream” by Edvard Munch. The aim of expressive painting is to visualize on the canvas the artist’s internal feelings. Expressive painting can often include very visible breaks (brush strokes) and unmixed color and paint fields.